Large amounts of international trade and many limits and sums insured for Marine insurance contracts are negotiated in a currency other than Australian Dollars (A$).
Fluctuating rates of exchange between currencies are common with most entities exposed to this area implementing forms of hedging or risk management to reduce the likely impact on their business.
Where rapid and significant variances occur together, the best-laid hedging and risk management plans may not be sufficient to completely eliminate the impact on a business.
This bulletin highlights some of the exchange rate issues which may impact Marine insurance covers.
Currency and Trade
The currency of the United States of America (US$) is recognized as the international currency of trade, shipping, and to a lesser extent, aviation. Some other currencies, notably the Euro have a showing in trade contracts however, the US$ is predominant.
Sale and purchase agreements will often impose the trade currency of choice as US$ which eventually leads most non-USA domiciled traders, sellers, or buyers into a foreign currency transaction and exposure to exchange rate fluctuation.
Business plans, projects, and actual transactions which establish profit or transaction margins on an expected exchange rate level can be eroded or extinguished where rapid exchange rate fluctuation occurs.
Likely Marine Impact
(were exposed to foreign currency or overseas supply)
Hulls – revaluations may be desirable as machinery/parts costs increase.
Cargo – Limits of liability may need review and a watch put on turnover and sendings to ensure a blowout in figures does not give the insured a surprise at the time of adjustment.
Liability Limits – may need review.
Claims requiring payment in a foreign currency will need conversion from A$ with a resultant monitory impact to the claims record of the insured. The replacement of components and parts sourced from overseas may attract inflationary influences due to exchange rate fluctuation.
Insurer per risk capacities will often be established on an annual basis following the renewal of treaty reinsurance. Rapid and significant variations in exchange rates can lead to short-term capacity constraints on risks with large limits or sums insured in foreign currency.
Where rapid and significant exchange rate variations occur, care should be taken to accurately assess and react to any adverse impact on insurance coverage.
Disclaimer: This bulletin is for information purposes only and is not legal advice.